A First Dictionary of Cultural Literacy:
What Our Children Need to Know
by E. D. Hirsch
Music, Art, and Architecture
Religion and Philosophy
Politics and Economics
Earth Sciences and Weather
Medicine and the Human Body
Maps and Illustrations
From World History Since 1600:
East Germany built the Berlin Wall in the 1960s to prevent citizens of East Berlin from escaping to West Berlin, a part of West Germany that was surrounded by East Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989 during the peaceful popular uprising that led to the 1990 reunification of Germany.
From Earth Sciences and Weather:
Marianas Trench (mair-ee-AN-uhs)
The Marianas Trench is a deep valley in the floor of the Pacific Ocean. It is the deepest place on the earth's surface.
Paul Bunyan is a gigantic, powerful lumberjack who appears in many TALL TALES about the forests of the American North and Northwest. He is usually shown carrying an ax and wearing a flannel shirt and a knitted cap. His pet is a huge blue ox named Babe.