is a professor of geology at Arizona State
University and an eminent volcanologist. In 1993, he led a group
of scientists who were attending a conference on volcanology in
Pasto in southwestern Colombia, to the top of Galeras. He survived
the eruption, despite life-threatening injuries.
is a native of the Andes and Williamss
Ph.D. student. She led the rescue that saved Stan Williamss
is an American scientist studying volcanoes
who has lived and studied volcanoes in Ecuador since 1985. She
led the rescue team with Marta.
was a highly regarded Russian volcanologist
who was killed in the eruption. This was his first visit to Galeras
and to South America. He was collecting gas samples for his research
into the relationship between gases and a volcanos behavior.
was a geologist and volcanologist from Yorkshire,
England. This was his first trip to Galeras, and his intent was
to map the innards of the volcano. Head of the Department of Earth
Sciences at the Open University, Brown did pioneering studies
in the field of gravity and volcanoes. He was killed in the eruption.
was a Colombian scientist and geochemist
who, like Igor Menyailov, was taking gas samples of Galeras. Hed
been working with Williams since the disastrous eruption of 1985
in Colombia. He taught at the National University in his hometown
of Manizales. He was killed in the eruption.
was a Colombian geophysicist who was educated
in Russia and worked for Colombias Geological Survey. He
was eagerly working with Geoff Brown on methods of measuring gravity.
He was the youngest geologist on Galeras, and was killed in the
was a professor of civil engineering at
Cesmag, a university in Pasto. He was not a geologist, but was
fascinated by volcanoes and had been studying them. He had a contract
with the Geological Survey of Colombia to perform deformation
studies at Galeras. He did not survive the eruption.
Jose Arles Zapata
was a young volcanologist and geologist
with the Geological Survey of Colombia. He had worked extensively
with Williams and had planned to work with Igor, in the study
of volcanic gases. He was killed during the eruption.
Also featured in Surviving Galeras
Efrain Armand Guerrero Zamboni
was dean of academics and a social
sciences teacher at the University of San Felipe in Pasto. With
his teenage son, Yovany Alexander Guerrero Benavides, and his
sons friend, Henri Vasques, Zamboni climbed the volcano
to observe the scientists at work. All three were killed.
is a scientist from Florida International University
and a friend of Stan Williams. He was planning to insert special
thermometers inside fumaroles as part of a study of temperatures
and physics of volcanic gases. He survived the eruption.
is a scientist from Florida International
University and a survivor of the eruption. The visit to Galeras
was his first time on an active volcano.
is a scientist from the National Polytechnic
School in Quito, Ecuador, who was sampling gases on Galeras the
day it erupted. He survived.
is a scientist from the Los Alamos National
Laboratory. He survived the eruption.